Types of Aloe

나뭇잎이미지01 Types of Aloe

About 500 species of aloe grow naturally throughout the world. However, only 6~7 of them are used for medical purposes.

- Pharmacopoeic aloe
“Cape aloe” from the ferox species, “socotra aloe” from the perryi species, and “curacao aloe”
from the vera species are the three representative kinds.
- Crude aloe
Aloe species used by ancient people for medicinal purposes. Modern people still use the crude aloe leaves for folk remedy.
Aloe arborescens and aloe vera, grown predominantly in Japan and Texas, respectively, are the two representative kinds.
- Aloe vera
It originates from India, Arabia, Northern Africa, Canary Islands, Manila islands, etc. and is widely spread throughout the world.
This species has been used for crude aloe medicine for a long time. The leaves are thick, with the length of about 50~60cm.
It weighs between 500g to over 1kg. With a strong survival power, even if it is uprooted and thrown under strong sunlight,
it can survive for at least half a year. The bottom part of the stem sprouts buds so breeding is easy and growth is quick.
- Aloe saponaria
It originates from all parts of the Cape Province of South Africa and is spread across the eastern area of Transvaal Province.
It is used for folk remedy in Hawaii and Florida of the United States. The potency is relatively weak for a crude aloe medicine,
so it is suitable for anyone who is allergic to aloe.
- Aloe arborescens
The word arborescens is derived from the meaning ”shape of a small tree.” For this reason, Japanese people call this plant “tree leaf aloe.”
It originates from various places of the Cape Province of South Africa and is spread across the eastern and northern parts of Transvaal Province as well as Rhodesia.
This is the most commonly used herb for folk remedy in Japan. Most aloe species have 60~80% common medicinal components.
But Aloe arborescens is especially effective for improving circulation, enhancing blood vessels, elevating heart function, and treating chronic constipation.
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